Fighting the Antichrist: A Cultural History of

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And Nazi theories of German racial superiority differed from then-customary British beliefs in British racial superiority mainly in that the British views were implemented with typical conservative moderation whereas the Nazi views were implemented with typical Leftist fanaticism and brutality (cf. The Japanese Navy was in general terms more traditionalist, in defending ancient values and the sacrality of the Emperor; the Japanese Army was more forward-looking, in the sense of valuing primarily strong leadership, as is evidenced by the use of the coup and direct action.

Nationalism in Stateless Nations: Selves and Others in

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Navigation policies by France, England, and other powers were directed primarily against the Dutch, who dominated commercial marine activity in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It permeated even the souls of children, since the tyrannical regime also directed decrees against Jewish children and closed the doors of the schools to them. The clearest theoretical expression of this belief was found in Eduard BernsteinsEvolutionary Socialism ([1898] 1962), which undertook a comprehensive criticism of Marx andthe first major revision of Marxist analysis.

Nationalism and culture / by Rudolf Rocker ; translated by

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Fascism respects the God of ascetics, saints, and heroes, and it also respects God as conceived by the ingenuous and primitive heart of the people, the God to whom their prayers are raised. We’ve got seven billion people and the next stop is nine billion. However,important shifts in the meaning of the term also took place. You think there never was another period in Jewish history like this one a period of assimilation and conversion! The Silk Road route from the Middle East to China mainly went through the Tarim Basin, either on the north side, below the Tian Shan, or the south side, above the Kunlun.

Christian Internationalism

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Arana’s reforming of the Basque orthography was meant to purge the Basque language of contamination from other languages, whereas the standardization effort of Serbo-Croatian was driven by the goal of unifying the two dialects into one standard language to promote a common linguistic and national identity. Enlightenment liberalism had failed to prevent a huge blood bath, created a peace that nobody was happy with, and wrecked the economy.

Conceiving a Nation: The Development of Political Discourse

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This was also shown in the Jena Prize awarded by Friedrich Krupp before World War I. Mudhakkirat Muhammad Najib: Kuntu Ra'isan Li-Misr (Cairo. 2-2054. 674. However, in Poland, the Bund likewise lost no time in reconstituting itself, in contrast to Agudas Yisroel, which now rallied its strength in Palestine and in America, but proved unable to do so in Eastern Europe. On the eve of the French Revolution a movement for cultural renaissance began in Germany under the influence of the humanistic spirit of the "Men- delssohn period/' The rays of sunshine of the approaching spring- time of society melted the layers of the ice of isolation which had accumulated during many generations.

Communism and Nationalism in the Middle East

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This line of argument is sup­plemented by Hobsbawm’s instrumental thesis on the invention of tradition and a mix of ideas drawn from Nairn (1981), Kedourie (1960) and Anderson (1983). Both families of nationalism have produced this ideal. If certain images prevailed in the nationalist iconography. But what if the bargaining power of the two parties is greatly unequal, as between a rich employer and a poor person desper-ate for a job? Anyone who took Leftist advocacy of "the poor" at face-value might have expected that anything which raises the living standards of the poor (which Wal-Mart undoubtedly did) would be warmly welcomed by the Left.

Age of Nationalism: First Era of Global History

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And while Buddhas tend to be regarded as male in all branches of Buddhism, Tibetan Buddhism supplies female figures corresponding to each Buddha, like the "savioresses" Green Târâ, White Târâ, and Mâmakî, who actually vow to always be reborn as women in the process of leading all beings to salvation. The resulting ideological stance has been described in various ways, including ‘modernized’social democracy, the ‘third way’, the ‘radical centre’, the active centre and the ‘Neue Mitte’ 119.

Religion and Nationalism in Soviet and East European

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He presented a picture of human beings as essentially emotional and prone to disorder and evil unless controlled within a tight political structure dominated by rulers, priests, and the threat of the public executioner. Some prominent daimyo promoted the concept of fukko (a return to the past), while others promoted osei (the Emperor's supreme authority). The autonomy provided strength and unity to the outcast nation and, at the same time, gave it culture and laws and educated it in the spirit of discipline and self-rule.

Democratising the EU from Below?: Citizenship, Civil Society

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But in fact, in many traditional peasant communities, raising the piece-work rate actually had the opposite effect of lowering labor productivity: at the higher rate, a peasant accustomed to earning two and one-half marks per day found he could earn the same amount by working less, and did so because he valued leisure more than income. The problem is many elites may perceive national awakening as a problem of modernity, as opposed to a child of modernity that offers an alternate form of political opposition to the structured nature of the state offered through oppositional mobilisation.

Nationalism. A report by a study group of members of the

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It appears that during the next several decades the industrial-technological system will be undergoing severe stresses due to economic and environmental problems, and especially due to problems of human behavior (alienation, rebellion, hostility, a variety of social and psychological difficulties). They protect its inner autonomy in the same way the zealots protected its external 330 NATIONALISM AND HISTORY freedom during the last days of the Temple. This resulted in a politically inspired split that led to the birth of the Islamic Jihad movement. is a secular force. the Islamic movement was undergoing its own transformation.org/book/jankowski/jank10.

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